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XIRR in Mutual Funds: Simple Strategies, Big Returns (2023)

XIRR in mutual funds

Mutual funds are a well-known and efficient way for people to invest their money since they allow them to pool their resources and take advantage of expert fund management. Accurately evaluating the performance of mutual funds is crucial for investors. The XIRR in mutual funds is a crucial indicator for assessing the performance of a mutual fund investment. We shall examine the idea of XIRR, its computation process, and its importance in evaluating mutual fund performance in this piece.

What is XIRR in Mutual Funds?

XIRR in mutual funds or extended internal rate of return is a measure of return that is used when multiple investments have been made at different points of time in a financial instrument like mutual funds. XIRR is a very useful tool for calculating returns. There are a series of investments in a SIP and sometimes one can redeem a little from their investments and sometimes several months’ investments are skipped as one has the option to pause their SIPs. Calculating the returns, in this case, gets easy.

Significance of XIRR in Mutual Funds

  • Reflects actual returns: XIRR in mutual funds gives investors a more accurate representation of their true returns by accounting for the duration and volume of cash flows. This is why it is so useful for examining assets that have irregular contributions or withdrawals.
  • Standardized comparison: The standardized comparison of several mutual funds is made possible by XIRR. Through the computation of the XIRR of many funds throughout an identical investment duration, investors can more efficiently evaluate and juxtapose their respective performances.
  • Evaluating investment decisions: Through the use of XIRR in mutual funds, investors can assess how their decisions about further contributions or withdrawals will affect the overall return on their mutual fund assets. It assists people in evaluating the success of their investing plan and making well-informed decisions.
  • Benchmarking: When comparing a mutual fund’s performance to a suitable index or peer group, XIRR can be utilized as a benchmark. This makes it easier to determine whether the fund has performed better or worse than projected.

Why XIRR is Used For Mutual Funds?

Cash flows from investments are never distributed evenly, either inside or outward. There are occasionally early withdrawals or late deposits. When a few months are missed consecutively, it becomes challenging to determine the investment’s return. Different factors, such as time and investment quantity, affect the outcome when computing returns.

Similarly, XIRR in mutual funds will assist in estimating the returns after taking into account any anomalies for mutual fund investments, whether they are made through SIP, lump money, or withdrawals through SWP or lump sum.

Why Can’t You Use CAGR Instead?

The most prevalent misperception is that XIRR and CAGR are interchangeable. Still, several characteristics set them apart from one another. Typically, CAGR computes point-to-point returns without accounting for cash inflows and outflows during an investment term. When computing the return, XIRR took into account every cash inflow and outflow.

The average rate that each cash flow throughout the period earned is known as the XIRR. However, the compound annual growth rate is known as CAGR.

XIRR takes erratic cash flows into account. However, CAGR simply takes into account the beginning value, ending value, and length of investment. CAGR computes returns from point to point.

The annualized return is calculated using XIRR. CAGR, on the other hand, determines the annualized and absolute return.

Multiple cash flows are used to calculate the XIRR. However, CAGR is typically used for one-time investments.

Similarities and Differences Between XIRR and CAGR

  • A lump sum invested once over a year produces the same return when using both XIRR and CAGR.
  • The investment period will result in an annual return that is equal to the sum of the XIRR and CAGR calculations (much like bank savings accounts)
  • The CAGR and XIRR will change depending on the inflow and outflow of funds.
  • For variable returns, like mutual fund returns, XIRR and CAGR are not the same.
  • Both XIRR and CAGR are used to calculate mutual fund returns. For SIP investments, XIRR is usually employed, and for lump sum investments, CAGR is usually used. Generally speaking, investors should be familiar with return computations so they don’t have to rely on others to perform them.

Calculation of XIRR in Mutual Funds  

An accounting of all investment-related cash flows is necessary to compute XIRR. The initial investment amount as well as any further contributions or withdrawals made throughout the investment period are included in these cash flows. The timing and matching quantity of each cash flow are taken into consideration by XIRR.

An iterative method is used in the XIRR calculation to determine the rate of return at which the cash flows‘ net present value drops to zero. There are built-in capabilities in Excel and other financial software applications that make the computation simpler. However, to fully appreciate the significance of the computed XIRR, one must grasp the fundamental ideas.

Even while spreadsheet and financial software products frequently provide built-in functions to make calculations simpler, it’s still vital to comprehend the underlying formula. The following is an expression for the XIRR formula:

XIRR = ((Cf₁ / (1 + r)^(t₁)) + (Cf₂ / (1 + r)^(t₂)) + … + (Cfₙ / (1 + r)^(tₙ))) – 1


Cf₁, Cf₂, …, Cfₙ symbolizes the cash flows related to the investment in mutual funds throughout various periods.

t₁, t₂, …, tₙ is the relevant period, usually expressed in years, for each cash flow.

The rate of return (XIRR) that we wish to compute is represented by r.

Let’s look at an example to show how to calculate XIRR in Mutual Funds:

Let’s say a person invested in a mutual fund with the following amounts:

Investment Date Investment Amount (INR)
01/01/2022 10,000
01/07/2022 5,000
01/01/2023 -2,000
01/04/2023 -3,000
01/09/2023 4,000
  • We may compute the XIRR using the above-mentioned cash flows as follows:
  • Establish a starting estimate rate; in this case, 10%.
  • Utilizing the cash flows and the estimate rate, apply the XIRR algorithm.
  • The computed XIRR is deemed appropriate if the cash flows’ net present value is nearly zero. If not, repeat the computation and modify the guess rate until convergence is reached.

For the case provided, the computed XIRR in Mutual Funds is roughly 5.82%.

Significance of XIRR in mutual funds Evaluation: Because it can account for both investment inflows and outflows over a range of periods, XIRR is an essential performance metric for mutual funds.


XIRR in Mutual Funds is a helpful metric that considers the timing and volume of cash flows when assessing the performance of mutual funds. By providing investors with a more accurate representation of actual returns, XIRR enables them to compare fund performance and make wise selections. People can evaluate their mutual fund investments and make any necessary adjustments by knowing the calculation process and applying XIRR to the investment review process.

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